In 1987 and 1988 Bangladesh was ravaged by widespread flooding which inflicted serious damage to agriculture and the infrastructure. After the catastrophic 1988 floods, the Government and international development partners began a five year plan called the Flood Action Plan (FAP). The FAP process gradually addressed several issues: controlled flooding, people’s participation, improved drainage through dredging in the river system and environmental assessments.
In 1989 the World Bank and the Bangladeshi Government agreed to coordinate various existing proposals in the area of flood control. This led to the Flood Action Plan ( FAP), comprising twenty-six studies and pilot projects to be supported by seventeen donors . The objective of the Flood Action Plan was to identify , plan , design and test those high –priority flood control projects which were feasible in technical , economic, environmental and social terms.